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Indian History & Culture Information

01 Alexander invaded India in 326 BC
02 The Mauryan Empire was established in 322 BC
03 The First Mughal Emperor of India was Babur
04 Taj Mahal was built by Shahjahan
05 Lala Lajpat Rai was also known as Lion of Punjab
06 Chandragupta II was also known as Vikramaditya
07 The city of Fatehpur Sikri was built by Akbar
08 The Red Fort in Delhi was built by Shahjahan
09 Battle of Panipat was faught in 1761 AD
10 The first President of India was Dr.Rajendra Prasad
11 "Swaraj is my birthright!" was said by Bal Gangadhar Tilak
12 The capital of Mysore during the rule of Tipu Sultan was Srirangapatnam
13 Battle of Plassey was fought in 1757 AD
14 The first Governor-General of Bengal under the East India Company was Warren Hastings
15 Ashoka was born in 269 BC
16 Permanent settlement in Bengal was introduced by Lord Cornwallis
17 The last Governor-General of India was C.Raja Gopalachari
18 The first session of the Indian National Congress was held at Bombay (Mumbai)
19 Quit India Movement started in the year 1942 AD
20 Sir Thomas Roe,English Ambassador, visited India during the reign of Jahangir
21 In the battle of Plassey, Lord Clive defeated Siraj-ud-Daula
22 The city of Calcutta was founded in 1690 AD
23 The capital of king Vikramaditya's kingdom was Ujjain
24 The first Viceroy of India was Lord Canning
25 The name of the famous horse of Rana Pratap was Chetak
26 The Grand Trunk road was built during the reign of Shersa Suri
27 Tipu Sultan was born in 1750 AD
28 Home Rule Movement was started by Annie Besant
29 Shivaji was crowned in 1664 AD
30 East India Company was established in the year 1600 AD
31 The capital city of ancient India was Indraprastha
32 The first woman ruler in India was Razia Begum
33 The capital of the Mauryan was Patliputra
34 The construction of Qutb Minar in Delhi was completed by Ala-ud-din
35 Din-i-Ilahi was founded by Akbar
36 Rabindranath tagore was born in 1861 AD
37 The most famous king of Vijayanagar Empire was Krishnadevaraya
38 Khan Abdul Gaffar Khan was also known as Frontier Gandhi
39 Samudra Gupta is popularly known as Napolean of India
40 The first Tamil hero who fought against the British was Veerapandya Kattabomman
41 Akbar's tomb is situated at Sikandrabad
42 Gautama Buddha was the son of Shuddhodan
43 Shivaji's mother was Jeejabai
44 Gandhiji's mother was Puthali Bai
45 The political teacher of shivaji was Dadoji Konddev
46 Timur invaded India in the year 1398 AD
47 Mahmud Ghazni was the son of Sabaktageen
48 The city of Ahmedabad was established by Ahmed Shah I
49 Rani padmini was Queen of Rana Ratna simha,the king of Chittoor
50 The real name of Babar was Zahiruddin Muhammed
51 The meaning of the word "Babar" is Tiger
52 Vijayasthamba is located at Chittoor Fort
53 Timur was the ruler of Samarkhand,Central Asia
54 The Indian social reformer who fought for the abolition of Sati was Rajaram Mohan Roy
55 The first British Governor General of free India was Lord Mountbatten
56 Dadabhai Naoroji was associated with the theory of "Drain of Wealth"
57 The kingdom of South India well known for its Naval power was The Cholas
58 Aligarh Muslim University was founded by Sir Syed Ahmed Khan
59 The first Indian ruler who prohibited Sati was Akbar
60 The Mughal ruler who was to recruit Rajput nobles in his administration was Akbar
61 The reforms announced by the British 1909 are known as The Morle-Minto Reforms
62 The architect who designed the capital City of New Delhi was E.L.Lutyens
63 At the time of independence, the number of princely states in India were 552
64 The Indian Prime Minister known as "Man of Peace" was Lal Bahadur Shastri
65 The Indian king who fought the last Anglo-Mysore War against the English was Tipu Sultan
66 Kohinoor Diamond was taken away by Nadir Shah
67 The full name of Shahjehan was Khurram Shihabuddin Mohammed Shahjehan
68 The Bardoli satyagraha was started by Mahatma Gandhi
69 The founder of Arya Samaj was Swamy Dayanand Saraswati
70 The Governor General who abolished Sati was Lord William Bentinck
71 Bihar was earlier known as Magadha
72 Agra was earlier known as Akbarabad
73 "Harsha Charit" was written by Banabatta
74 Chandragupta Maurya spent the last days of his life at Sravanabelagola
75 Jalianwala Bagh Massacre took place at Amritsar
76 Vijayanagar kingdom was situated on the banks of river Tungabhadra
77 In 1498,the sea route to india was discovered by Vasco-da-gama
78 King Bhoja was from the which dynasty Pratihara
79 The period 1206 Ad to 1526 AD is known as The Delhi Sultanate
80 Agra city was founded by Sikandar Lodhi
81 Vijaynagar Empire was founded by Harihara and Bukka
82 The Vijayanagar kings fought frequent wars with the Bahamani Sultans
83 The last king of the Vijayanagar empire was Rama Raya
84 Shankaracharya was associated with which movement Bhakti
85 Ramanuja preached the philosophy of Vishishtadvaita
86 The followers of Ramanuja are known as Vaishnavas
87 Kabir was the disciple of Ramanand
88 The founder of Sikh religion was Guru Nanak
89 Babar defeated Ibrahim Lodhi in the year 1526 AD
90 Babar died in the year 1530 AD
91 Humayun was defeated by Sher Shah Suri
92 Humayun died at the age of 48 years
93 Akbar was crowned in the year 1556 AD
94 In the second battle of Panipat, Akbar defeated Himu
95 Akbar died in the year 1605 Ad
96 The original name of Nurjahan was Mehrunisa
97 Jehangir was known for his Justice
98 Jehangir died in the year 1627 AD
99 Aurangzeb was the son of Shahjehan
100 Aurangzeb died in the year 1707 AD
101 The first Guru of the sikhs was Guru Nanak Dev
102 The tenth Guru of the sikhs was Guru Gobind Singh
103 Amritsar was founded by Guru Ram Das
104 The Golden Temple was built by Guru Arjan Dev
105 The Akal Takht was built by Guru Hargobind
106 Guru Gobind Singh was born in 1666 AD
107 The `Khalsa' at Anandpur Sahib was founded by Guru Gobind Singh
108 Maharaja Ranjit Singh was born in 1780 AD
109 Bahadur Shah Zafar died in the year 1862 AD
110 Shivaji died at age of 50 years
111 In tne year 1798,who was appointed as the Governor-General Wellesley
112 Wellesley started the policy of Subsidiary Alliance
113 Dalhousie became the Governor-General in 1848 AD
114 The first war of Indian Independence fought in 1857 is also known as The Sepoy Mutiny
115 The Lady ruler who participated in the 1857 Revolt was Rani Laxmi Bai of Jhansi
116 The Indian Association was formed in 1876 at Calcutta
117 The Indian National Congress was formed in 1885 AD
118 The Rowlatt Act was passed in the year 1919 AD
119 The Jalianwala Bagh Massacre took place in the year 1919 AD
120 The movement launched in 1920 is known as The Non-Co-operation Movement
121 The Simon Commission came to India in the year 1928 AD
122 Chandragupta Maurya was succeeded by Bindusara
123 Ashoka invaded Kalinga in the year 261 BC
124 Ashoka died in the year 232 BC
125 Ashoka ruled for a period of 40 years
126 The last king of Maurya dynasty was Brihadratha
127 Chandragupta was succeeded by Samudragupta
128 The Iron Pillar near Qutb Minar was erected by Chandragupta II
129 Fahien, a Chinese traveller visited india during the reign of Chandragupta II
130 Harshavardhana ascended the throne at the age of 16 years
131 Harshavardhana was defeated by Pulakeshin II
132 The Chinese traveller who visited India during the reign of Harshavardhana was Hieun Tsang
133 Akbar was succeeded by Jehangir
134 Jehangir was succeeded by Shahjehan
135 In ancient times this river was called Shatadru. How do we know it now? Sutlej.
136 In the Rigveda there is a reference to the "Dasharajna Yuddha". What does this refer to? It was a battle of 10 kings fought between Sudasa, a king of the Tritsu family on one side, and a confederacy of 10 tribes on the other. It was fought on the banks of the Parushni (Ravi). Sudasa defeated his enemies in this battle.
137 Who was the ruler of the territory between the Jhelum and the Ravi when Alexander invaded India? Paurava or Porus as the Greeks called him.
138 When Porus surrendered to Alexander, Alexander asked him how he wished to be treated. What was Porus' reply? "As one King would treat another". This was his famous reply that has become a classic. Hearing this Alexander not only reinstated Porus on the throne, but he also added territories towards the east and domains of many republican states to the existing kingdom of Porus (according to Plutarch).
139 Who was Megasthenes? Megasthenes was the Greek ambassador to the Mauryan Court.
140 Who sent Megasthenes as his ambassador to the Mauryan Court? Seleucus Nikator.
141 Where did Seleucus Nikator rule? Babylon. He gradually extended his empire from the Mediterranean Sea to the Indus.
142 Whom did Chandragupta Maurya defeat to establish his kingdom? The Nanda dynasty of Magadha.
143 Who helped Chandragupta Maurya defeat the Nanda rulers? Kautilya also called Chanakya.
144 Of which territories was Ashoka the Viceroy before he became the king? Taksha-Shila and Ujjain.
145 "Beloved of the gods" and "of amiable appearance". Ashoka used these titles in his inscriptions. Can you give the original titles? "Devanampiya" and "Piyadassi" (Devanampriya and Priyadarshin).
146 What was unique about the personal bodyguards of the Maurya rulers? They were women.
147 Who was the last Maurya King? Brihadratha.
148 Who overthrew Brihadratha? Pushyamitra, who was his Commander-in-chief.
149 What was the name of the dynasty that succeeded Mauryan dynasty? The Shunga dynasty. (Pushyamitra founded this dynasty after he overthrew the Mauryan ruler)
150 From which source have historians got some details of the overthrow of the Mauryan dynasty? Bana's Harshacharita written almost eight centuries after the event.

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