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[Motivational Story][twocolumns]

Borrowed Features of The Indian Constitution from Other Countries

From U.K.
Nominal Head - President (like Queen)

Cabinet System of Ministers.
Post of Prime Minister.

Parliamentary Type of Government
Bicameral Parliament

Lower House more powerful
Council of Ministers responsible to Lower House

Speaker in the Lok Sabha

Single citizenship
From United States

Written Constitution

Executive head of state known as President and his being the Supreme Commander of the Armed Forces

Vice - President as the ex-officio Chairman of Rajya Sabha

Fundamental Rights

Supreme Court

Provision of States

Independence of Judiciary and judicial review

Removal of Supreme Court and High Court judges


Concurrent List

Language of the preamble

From Australia

Concurrent List

Language of Preamble

Provision regarding trade, commerce

From Japan

Law on which the Supreme Court function

From Weimar Constitution of Germany

Suspension of Fundamental Rights during the emergency

From South Africa

Procedure of Constitutional Amendments

From Canada

Scheme of federation with a strong centre

Distribution of powers between Centre and the States and placing. Residuary Power with the Centre

From Ireland

Concept of Directive Principles of State Policy (Ireland borrowed it from SPAIN)

Method of election of the President

Nomination of members in the Rajya Sabha by the President

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